- Nationalism & National Prestige Edit
How did it contribute to the eruption of the Great War? Edit
Nationalism can be defined as the love and loyalty one would show towards his/her nation. It can also be clarified with the idea of patriotism. During the 19th century Europe, colonialism was greatly associated with nationalism. The idea of having a powerful empire consisting of boundless domains was thought to display glory and pride to the country. This led to national struggles in which provinces desired to have their own independence from foreign governments while the governments on the other hand opposed the concept as their idea of nationalism was to gain prestige through their control over them. Powers in Europe sought control leading to the competition for authority to emerge.
Nationalism in Germany Edit
During 1871 Germany promptly became the strongest economic and military power in Europe. A much more ambitious country was developed through this period of time as it aimed for a higher standard in its sovereign state. In order to maintain its current state Germany devises a series of treaties to form peaceful alliances with other powers. Naturally with Germany's progression it also had a number of rivalries with other notable countries except for the Austria-Hungary which would later on have Germany as an ally.
Nationalism in Austria-Hungary Edit
In 1878 Serbia was made independent from the Austria-Hungary empire except for Bosnia which was still under the rule of Austrian control. The Bosnian crisis which announced the annexation of Bosnia to the Ottoman empire led into major public disagreements in Serbia who were hoping to reunite as one country.
Involvement of Russia Edit
Both countries regarded themselves as Slav countries and Russia which always sided with Serbia when it came to the disputes between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. Edit
Nationalism in France Edit
In 1871 Germany triumphed over France, the latter having to lose two provinces: Edit
Alsace and Lorraine and pay large sums of money as a form of compensation. The country's greatest desire was to return the two provinces and restore its prestige back.
Nationalism in Britain
In 1870 Britain's economy advanced immensely, an industrial revolution thrived and spread across the country being the most prosperous nation in Europe. It also had the largest navy in the world and normally it desired to secure its status. There were many threats from other neighboring countries that could have changed this and the main country was Germany which went on increasing her naval strength and became Britain's chief enemy.
- Countries struggled as each tried to be the pinnacle of a hierarchy and this caused competition to develop as each country tried to maintain their status or be greater and show their power. People liked the idea of having an empire and exhibiting the glory of their nation.